On January 24-27, 2023, the head of the Laboratory of Physiology of Vision of the I.P. Pavlov Institute of Physiology (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation), Professor, Doctor of Medicine Yury Shelepin held a series of seminars on the physiology of vision for researchers of the Academician A. Garayev Institute of Physiology.
Professor Yury Shelepin made a presentation about the mechanisms of the functioning of the visual system. The presentation covered the issues of the functioning of the visual system, the mechanisms of perception and propagation of the visual impulse in the brain structures, the connection of the visual system with the cognitive functions of the brain, etc. It was noted that modern neurotechnologies aim to study the perception and recognition of visual signals by the brain, the decision-making mechanisms, and the interpretation of “maps” of the activity of nerve networks in implementing purposeful actions. Particular attention was paid to the modern methods developed and used at the I.P. Pavlov Institute of Physiology. The i-Pavlovian diagnostic and rehabilitation complex allows simultaneously conducting an EEG study and an IR brain scan under the conditions of the subjects performing a particular task. As a result, a specific area on the brain map associated with a specific task implementation is highlighted. In this way, it is possible to identify the part of the brain that reacts to a specific object of a phobia, for example, spiders’ phobias, etc. i-Pavlovian is based on the convergence of artificial intelligence and a system of psychophysical and psychophysiological measurements using an infrared eye movement scanner, an infrared brain scanner, high-frequency EEG and cardiography, infrared tomography, and electromyography of the facial muscles. The hardware-software complex “i-Pavlovian Cognitive Complex” was designed to restore cognitive functions and emotional states based on the activation of conscious and unconscious processes that provide perception and behavior.
Professor A. Shelepin shared his memories of visiting Baku with his father. He also noted that national leader Heydar Aliyev paid great attention to science.
The audience showed great interest in the speech by Professor A.N. Shelepin. Professor Ulduz Hashimova, Professor Fakhraddin Askerov, Dr. Arif Mekhtiev, Ph.D., Assoc. Professor Aliya Gaisina, and others took part in the discussion.
Academician Abdulla Garayev Institute of Physiology and I.P. Pavlov Institute of Physiology extended the cooperation agreement.